2019

01/2019

OBSAH / CONTENTS 01-2019

Štúdie, články / Studies, Articles

Martin HURBANIČ: Pastier dvoch stád? Patriarcha Antiochie Ján Oxeites a jeho vzťahy s križiakmi v rokoch 1098 – 1100 / A Shepherd of Two Flocks? The Patriarch of Antioch John Oxeites and His Relations with the Crusaders in 1098–1100 (pp. 6-24)

Ivan GERÁT - Marian ZERVAN: Bičovanie v obraznosti a myslení v stredoveku / Flagellation in Medieval Imagination and Thinking (pp. 25-41)

István HORVÁTH: Die Organisierung der Kornspeicher im neunzehnten Jahrhundert im Gut des Erzbischofs von Eger / The Foundation of the Savings Bank Granaries in the Eger Archiepiscopal Lordship in the First Half of the 19th Century (pp. 42-51)

Mikuláš JANČURA - Katarína HROMUĽÁKOVÁ: Automobilizmus a šľachta na Slovensku : Prípad baróna Wielanda z Markušoviec / Motorism and Nobility in Slovakia : The Case of Baron Wieland of Markušovce (pp. 52-72)

Pramene, preklady / Sources, Translations

Tomáš Pastucha (ed.): Liptov v roku 1793 očami Roberta Townsona / Liptov in Year 1793 by Eyes of Robert Townson (pp. 74-97)

Rozhovory / Interviews

„Moderné historiografie spracovávajú veľmi špecifické čiastkové témy.“ Rozhovor s historikom a dominikánom Gabrielom Hunčagom / “Modern current historiographies process very specific and particular topics” An Interview with the Historian and Dominican Gabriel Hunčaga (pp. 98-110)

Recenzie / Reviews (pp. 111-133)

Anotácie, nové knihy / Annotations, New books (pp. 134-154)

Správy, referáty / Brief notices (pp. 155-158)

Internetové odkazy / Web links (pp. 159-167)
Komunizmus a komunisti na internete / Communism and Communists on the Internet


ABSTRAKTY

 

Kultúrne dejiny / Cultural History, Volume 10, Issue 1, pp. 6-24 © Verbum 2019
Martin HURBANIČ: Pastier dvoch stád? Patriarcha Antiochie Ján Oxeites a jeho vzťahy s križiakmi v rokoch 1098 – 1100 / A Shepherd of Two Flocks? The Patriarch of Antioch John Oxeites and His Relations with the Crusaders in 1098–1100

Keywords: The First Crusade, patriarch John Oxeites, Bohemond of Antioch, The Latin-Greek religious polemic, Schism of 1054, the azyme controversy
ABSTRACT: After the occupation of the Syrian Antioch by the army of the First Crusade in 1098, the Greek Orthodox patriarch John V Oxeites (1091–1110) became the spiritual representative of the local Greek Orthodox population as well as of the Latin Christians. This consensus was probably based on the instructions of Pope Urban II, who pursued a policy of liberation of the Eastern Churches while preserving the existing arrangement of their patriarchates headed by the Orthodox Greek hierarchs. The present study evaluates the activity of John Oxeites on the patriarchal throne of Antioch after its occupation by the Crusaders with respect to the limits of the mutual coexistence and cooperation. The relations between the South Italian Norman Crusaders and the Greek patriarch were problematic for several reasons. The first one concerns his loyalty towards the new rulers. Due to his appointment in Constantinople, the Normans could still consider Oxeites as the representative of the Byzantine Emperor Alexios Komnenos and his interests in Antioch. Such a suspicion was certainly not unjustified, because there is a sign of evidence that Oxeites himself did not consider the new Latin rule as legitimate. Beside of that, the day-by-day communication was also hampered by the existing language barrier, but above all by the different liturgical practices between the Latin and Greek Church. Based on his own statements, Oxeites, like the majority of the Byzantine clergy, considered the Roman Catholic mass with unleavened bread as a fundamental theological problem and the main obstacle to the eventual unification of both churches.

 

Kultúrne dejiny / Cultural History, Volume 10, Issue 1, pp. 25-41 © Verbum 2019
Ivan GERÁT - Marian ZERVAN: Bičovanie v obraznosti a myslení v stredoveku / Flagellation in Medieval Imagination and Thinking

Keywords: asceticism, image, similitudo, imitatio Christi, christoformitas
ABSTRACT: The article attempts to differentiate an image of asceticism from an ascetic image. The first part describes variety of iconographies of the flagellation in Liber depictus from Krumlov as an example of images of asceticism, to define an experiential field for testing of both principal terms (asceticism and image). The second part focusses on theoretical reflection which may possibly affect both the creation and the reception of the images. The third part opens some questions resulting from an effort to interconnect/bridge an empiric approach with a theoretical one. Could there in author’s and recipient’s consciousness exist a specific kind of interconnection between mental images and images/similitudes transcending their consciousness as well as images emerging at the frontiers between images of an ascetic practices various levels and maybe also in philosophical commentaries of an ascetic life and in concrete historical forms of ascetic culture?

 

Kultúrne dejiny / Cultural History, Volume 10, Issue 1, pp. 42-51 © Verbum 2019
István HORVÁTH: Die Organisierung der Kornspeicher im neunzehnten Jahrhundert im Gut des Erzbischofs von Eger / The Foundation of the Savings Bank Granaries in the Eger Archiepiscopal Lordship in the First Half of the 19th Century

Keywords: 19th Century, Hungary, historiography, Eger, Granaries
ABSTRACT: In the 19th and 20th centuries the meteorological amplitudes of the “Little Ice-Age” caused serious problems in the agriculture. In Hungary too. The foundation of savings bank granaries became necessary based on European examples in Hungary too. These insured the suitable quantity of the bread crops and the seed-grain. In Hungary the Procurator Council decreed the foundation of feudal lord and communal savings bank granaries in the beginning of the 1830s. But often this was not seamless becouse the bondmen resisted the plans of the lordship.

 

Kultúrne dejiny / Cultural History, Volume 10, Issue 1, pp. 52-72 © Verbum 2019
Mikuláš JANČURA - Katarína HROMUĽÁKOVÁ: Automobilizmus a šľachta na Slovensku : Prípad baróna Wielanda z Markušoviec / Motorism and Nobility in Slovakia : The Case of Baron Wieland of Markušovce

Keywords: Slovakia, history, motorism, Wieland family, Spiš region
ABSTRACT: Long-term advocated opinion on the conservative approach of nobility in the territory of Slovakia to technical modernization and to modern forms of leisure is a stereotype that has been relativized by historians in recent years. The nobility members often became enthusiastic supporters of modern trends. Motoring was undoubtedly a part of the spectrum of modern leisure activities. In addition, specific economic and socio-cultural background in Slovakia, as well as high staggered costs, operating costs and the legislative restrictions on personal cars have increased them as a “social elite thing”. That can be considered as one of the key of motoring development in Slovakia. Besides the well-known “prominent” motorists from the territory of Slovakia, for example Count Géza Andrássy or Count Vidor Csáky is also a good example the lesser-known Baron Ákos Wieland, who owned personal cars before the First World War and he used them to a great extent. After the establishment of the Czechoslovak Republic, he became an active member of the oldest car owners club in Slovakia and the cars filled a lot of his personal leisure time. The goal of the contribution is to portray character of personal cars, their role and share in free-time activities of the nobility in Slovakia during the interwar period through the example of Baron Ákos Wieland of Markušovce. At the same time, it helps as an example to complement the wider mosaic of changes in the lifestyle of the nobility in the reference period.

 

Kultúrne dejiny / Cultural History, Volume 10, Issue 1, pp. 74-97 © Verbum 2019
Tomáš Pastucha (ed.): Liptov v roku 1793 očami Roberta Townsona / Liptov in Year 1793 by Eyes of Robert Townson

Keywords: Robert Townson, travels in Hungary, Liptov, voyage
ABSTRACT: Robert Townson (1762 – 1827) was british doctor, natural sciencist, zoologist and traveller. He studied in Paris and later in Edinburgh. As a traveller he visited many countries, including Habsburg monarchy in year 1793. Here he started his journey in Vienna, from where he continued eastwards across cities as Sopron, Győr, Komárno, Esztergom, Buda, Pest, Eger, Debrecen, Oradea, Tokaj, etc. Back to the west he travelled across present days Slovakia and he visited Košice, counties of Šariš, Gemer, Spiš, Liptov, cities Banská Bystrica, Banská Štiavnica, Kremnica, Nitra, Trnava and Bratislava. He writed his experience from this journey into a book Travels in Hungary with a short account of Vienna in the year 1793. He focused mostly on geology, botany, zoology and mining localites, but he mentioned even his personal experience with local people. Nowadays is his book priceless source for knowledge of behavior on the people, because he brings look of foreigner. Our edition shows just parts of his book, in which he writes about county of Liptov. Namely, he writes about Štrba, Štrbské pleso, Važec, ascend on the top of Kriváň, Pribylina, Liptovská Ondrašová, Demänovo cave, Liptovský Ján, Liptovská Teplá, Liptovské Revúce, but even about Liptov in general.

 

Kultúrne dejiny / Cultural History, Volume 10, Issue 1, pp. 98-110 © Verbum 2019
„Moderné historiografie spracovávajú veľmi špecifické čiastkové témy.“ Rozhovor s historikom a dominikánom Gabrielom Hunčagom / “Modern current historiographies process very specific and particular topics” An Interview with the Historian and Dominican Gabriel Hunčaga

ABSTRACT: Gabriel Hunčaga has been since 1996 member of the Dominican Order. As a historian is he specialising in medieval history and medieval religious movements. He was born on September 21, 1971 in Liptovský Mikuláš. He studied master’s degree studies of History, Museology (1996, Silesian University in Opava) and Catholic Theology (2004, Catholic University, Faculty of Theology in Košice). In 2008, he finished postgraduate study of Slovak history at the Matej Bel University in Banská Bystrica (PhDr.) and in 2012; he finished his PhD study of General history at the Comenius University in Bratislava. During his academic activities, he attended two long-term research fellowships in abroad. In 2000/2001 at the Katholisch-Theologische Fakultät der Universität Wien and in 2017 at the Istituto Storico Domenicano in Rome. He is member of the administration board of interest association Centre for Study of Christianity, vice-president of Slovak committee of CIHEC and member of the Board of History at The Conference of Bishops of Slovakia. Between 2011 and 2013, he used to teach at the Faculty of Theology at Trnava University in Bratislava and between 2013 and 2017 at the Faculty of Arts at Catholic University in Ružomberok as well. Since 2016, he has taught about medieval orthodoxy and heterodoxy at the Faculty of Arts at Comenius University in Bratislava.

 

Kultúrne dejiny / Cultural History, Volume 10, Issue 1, pp. 111-133 © Verbum 2019
Recenzie / Reviews

Matúš Porubjak, Praktická protofilozofia Tyrtaia a Theognida (Michal Habaj) (p. 111)
Michal Habaj et al., Sparta vs. Athény : Dejiny peloponézskej vojny (Peter Tkáč) (p. 113)
Drahoslav Magdoško, Samospráva mesta Košice v stredoveku (Peter Chlepko) (p. 116)
Johan Huizinga, Herfsttij der Middeleeuwen. Studie over levens- en gedachtenvormen der veertiende en vijftiende eeuw in Frankrijk en de Nederlanden (Adam Bžoch) (p. 118)
Stanislava Knapčoková, K dejinám knižnej ilustrácie na Slovensku. 16. a 17. storočie (Martin Baloga) (p. 122)
Wolfgang Hafer, Die anderen Mautners. Das Schicksal einer jüdischen Unternehmerfamilie (Peter Volek) (p. 124)
Peter Vítek a kol., Dejiny obce Liptovská Štiavnica (Tomáš Pastucha) (p. 131)

 

Kultúrne dejiny / Cultural History, Volume 10, Issue 1, pp. 134-154 © Verbum 2019
Anotácie, nové knihy / Annotations, New books

Jeannick Vangansbeke, Stefan Zweig (1881–1942) en de reformatie. 500 jaar heerlijk misverstand (Adam Bžoch) (p. 134)
Tim Marshall, V zajatí geografie. Desať máp, ktoré vám povedia všetko, čo chcete vedieť o globálnej politike (Lukáš Tkáč) (p. 134)
Jan Horský - Miroslav Hroch (eds.), Sto let. Hodnota svobody, nebo cena za nezávislost? (Peter Zmátlo) (p. 135)
Mária Bôbová - Dana Chalupeková - Barbora Skubachová, Mária Terézia, panovníčka spätá so slovenskými dejinami : Jej život a reformy v zrkadle knižničných fondov na Slovensku. Štúdie historikov a výberová bibliografia (Peter Tkáč) (p. 137)
Ivan Mrva, Mária Terézia : Vladárka a matka (Lukáš Bujko) (p. 139)
Ján Golian - Rastislav Molda (eds.), Cestopisné denníky : zblízka i zďaleka, z monarchie i republiky (Tomáš Pastucha) (p. 140)
Miloslav Čaplovič (ed.), Rudolf Michal Viest : V zrkadle prameňov a najnovších poznatkov historiografie (Lukáš Bujko) (p. 141)
Miroslav Tuma - Ivana Poláková, Štátny ústav pre zveľaďovanie živností v Martine : 95. výročie vzniku a 80. výročie uvedenia do života (Rozália Čornaničová) (p. 142)
Vladimír Liška, Prezidenti (Lukáš Tkáč) (p. 146)
Peter Keresteš, Najstaršia kniha mesta Nitry 1681 – 1693 (Tomáš Pastucha) (p. 148)
Mikuláš Argalács (ed.), Vznik Československa. Priebeh a vplyv na rozvoj Popradu a jeho okolia. Zborník z medzinárodnej konferencie, Poprad 5. júna 2018 (Lukáš Bujko) (p. 149)
Peter Frankl, Židia v Žiline – osobnosti (Peter Tkáč) (p. 150)
Katarína Jagnešáková (ed.), Zborník Oravského múzea XXXIII, 2016 (Pavol Vlček) (p. 153)
Štefan Moyzes – za života a v historickej pamäti. Zborník vydaný pri príležitosti 220. výročia narodenia, eds. Ján Golian - Alica Kurhajcová - Erika Maliniaková - Rastislav Molda (Jaroslav Nemeš) (p. 154)

 

Kultúrne dejiny / Cultural History, Volume 10, Issue 1, pp. 155-158 © Verbum 2019
Správy, referáty / Brief notices

 

Kultúrne dejiny / Cultural History, Volume 10, Issue 1, pp. 159-167 © Verbum 2019
Internetové odkazy / Web links
Komunizmus a komunisti na internete / Communism and Communists on the Internet (p. 159)

Redakcia

Kultúrne dejiny;
Hrabovská cesta 1;
034 01 Ružomberok;
Slovenská Republika
Tel.: +421-44-43 22 708, kl. 426
E-mail: kulturnedejiny@ku.sk

Vydavateľ

VERBUM – vydavateľstvo KU;
Hrabovská cesta 5512/1A;
034 01 Ružomberok;
Slovenská Republika
Tel.: +421 44 430 46 93, +421 918 337 452
E-mail: verbum@ku.sk

© 2019  Kultúrne dejiny / Cultural History