- Kategória: Rok 2011
- Uverejnené: piatok, 30. november 2012, 14:11
OBSAH / CONTENTS
Štúdie, články / Studies, Articles
Heidemarie UHL: O kultúre pamäti. Prečo sa spoločnosti pamätajú? / On the Culture of Memory. Why Do Societies Remember? (pp. 181-192)
Tomáš KOPTÁK: Cisterciti v Spišskom Štiavniku a život v tzv. Mariánskej doline / Cistercians in Spišský Štiavnik and Life in So-called Marian Valley (pp. 193-211)
Gabriel Peter HUNČAGA: Knihy, knižnice a dominikáni 13. a 14. storočia / Books, Libraries and the Dominicans in the 13th and 14th Centuries (pp. 212-232)
Andrea POKLUDOVÁ: Die Rolle der Erinnerungskultur für das Kollektivgedächtnis der Einwohner aus den multiethnischen Regionen am Ende des 19. Jahrhunderts (am Beispiel von Hans Kudlichs Denkmälern) / The Role of Memorial Culture in the Collective Memory of the Inhabitants of Multi-ethnic Areas in the Late 19th Century (by Way of Example of Hans Kudlich Monuments) (pp. 233-259)
Spomienka / Memorial
Igor LISOVÝ: Amicus certus in re incerta cernitur. Vzpomínka na profesora Jana Buriana (1929 – 2011) / Amicus certus in re incerta cernitur. The Memory of Prof. Jan Burian (1929 – 2011) (pp. 260-271)
Pramene, preklady / Sources, Translations
Svedectvo hájnického farára Mateja ako prameň k dejinám Zvolena / Testimony of Priest Matthias from Hájniky as a Source of Church History of Zvolen (pp. 272-278)
„Národní povaha Slováků“ od Mikuláša Dohnányho / “The National Character of Slovaks” from Nicholas Dohnány (pp. 279-285)
Rozhovory / Interviews
Kultúrne dejiny boli do Rakúska dovezené zvonku. Rozhovor s profesorom Albertom Lichtblauom / Cultural History has been Imported to Austria from Abroad. Interview with Professor Albert Lichtblau (Paris-Lodron-Universität, Salzburg) (pp. 286-291)
Recenzie / Reviews (pp. 292-317)
Anotácie, nové knihy / Annotations, New books (pp. 318-336)
Správy, referáty / Brief notices (pp. 337-343)
Internetové odkazy / Web links (pp. 344-350)
Kultúrne dejiny / Cultural History, Volume 2, Issue 2, © Verbum 2011, pp. 181-192
HEIDEMARIE UHL: O kultúre pamäti. Prečo sa spoločnosti pamätajú? / On the Culture of Memory. Why Do Societies Remember?
KEYWORDS: Historical Memory, Identity, Society, Cultural History, History of Ideas
ABSTRACT: The study deals with the nature of dynamic historical memory. What is at stake in disputes about memory? Why again and again are there debates on the interpretation of the past? Tensions in social remembering lie in the relationship between memory and identity. Memory is not in any way neutral, but it is ideologically and politically tinged and in this sense also conquered. The logic of creating boundaries between “us” and “the others” is inscribed in the debate about memory and its role not only in historically questionable events, but also in obvious forms of presentation of history. Therefore it is good to mention in the introductory chapters of school books, that there is specific Austrian, German, French etc. history, which differs from other national histories, or more importantly, that history is constructed on the basis of national criteria. An attempt to create international history books as an alternative to the books written according to national criteria is still in its infancy.
Memory is a dynamic concept. An interest in how societies create a culture of memory is an international phenomenon of the turn of the 21st century. The first impetus for renewed interest in the past, however, did not come from scholars, but from the initiatives of other social sectors. For example, the so-called Grassroot-movements, alternative historical works in Berlin and other German cities, looked for historical landmarks for one’s own sense of life and they began to examine history of emancipation and conflicting movements on the spot.
However, looking for self-assurance by means of historical heritage, on which current social groups could fasten or which would legitimize them, is not new at all. Since the 19th century the references to a glorious history full of sacrifice, had belonged to the most important tools of nation-building. “The thought society” of the nation needed the sense of “We-being” and the sense of belonging. The sense of an individual belonging to the abstract concept of nation has been an essential precondition of solidary society in modern societies. To fulfil this idea national emblems are required: national flag and banner, national emblem, national anthem, national holiday as well as the derivation of nation from the hundred-, if not the thousand-year history. Allegedly, recent traditions are, however, a fabrication of the forming national states of the 19th century, as the identity and memory of a nation are still constructed on the basis of current opinions. However, it does not threaten the success of the national myths, since they prove to be resistant to any scientific effort for deconstruction. They can also adapt to different circumstances. After 1945, Austria wanted to be distinguished from Germany as much as possible. Austrian nation – especially on the basis of the unique land and cultural heritage – was somehow able to re-emerge and thus obscure the question of National Socialism, World War II and the Holocaust.
During the boom in 1960’s and 1970’s, social energy was diverted to new and promising topics: Slogans and visions of all-encompassing social reform, the progress in all fields of life, democratization and emancipation affected the collective imagination just like the legitimization from the past, also depending on the system competition of the Cold War.
In this context, the initiatives created by a new interest in the past in the following 1970’s and early 1980’s became an indicator for the return of history to the sphere of social self-representation and self-assurance – and related conflicts. Because to tell “our history” of a village, city, nation, public and private institutions, means to select from a variety of different, contradictory pasts and to create the past, that is supposed to represent our past. However, every village, every city, every institution consists of a microcosm of social locales and individual lives – therefore it is virtually impossible to capture even a single day in its complexity.
In the mid-1980’s, erosion of post-war myths begins at official level too, e.g. in the Federal Republic of Germany and in France. In 1986, the wartime past of Kurt Waldheim provoked a debate on the social grounds in terms of how to deal with the “troublesome” past of National Socialism. Generally speaking, a society-wide debate on the involvement in the violent history of the 20th century became a feature of European political culture of the late 20th century.
American historian Jay Winter spoke about the generation of memory, which is the bearer of today’s interest in memory. To maintain and pass this interest and sensibility as regards the threat to democracy and human rights is perhaps the central issue of current and future involvement in the cultural memory. In this respect, social mediatory levels, especially schools and teachers, are of exceptional importance.
Kultúrne dejiny / Cultural History, Volume 2, Issue 2, © Verbum 2011, pp. 193-211
TOMÁŠ KOPTÁK: Cisterciti v Spišskom Štiavniku a život v tzv. Mariánskej doline. / Cistercians in Spišský Štiavnik and Life in So-called Marian Valley
KEYWORDS: Middle Ages, Hungary, Slovakia, Region Spiš, Order of Cistercians, Monastic Life
ABSTRACT: Cistercian Abbey of Our Lady in Spiš had earned an important place in Spiš history. Its impact on the surroundings can be monitored in a variety of cultural expressions: colonization activity, system of monastic economy, dominion administration and defence, building the parish network, impact on spiritual sphere and art, etc. Perhaps the least explored issue is the defence system against attackers. This is related to possession and use of the nearby Marcel’s Castle.
The study deals with the Cistercian Abbey of Our Lady in Spiš. It lay within today’s estates of the village of Spišský Štiavnik. The core of the monastic dominion was socalled Marian Valley (western part of Hornád Basin) which extends in the direction east-west from the villages of Vydrník and Hrabušice to the village of Vikartovce. In the north it is delimited by the mountains of Goat Backs [Kozie chrbty] and in the south by Low Tatras and Spiš-Gemer Karst.
For better understanding of the abbey history it is also important to study the historical development of Spiš till the end of the 13th century. Spišský Štiavnik is one of the sites with more intensive early medieval settlement, which is documented by the cadastral name Sedliská as well as by archaeological finds. On the basis of the findings, we expect the Slavic settlement in the place of the dissolved Cistercian monastery, too. The founding of the monastery in 1223 should be seen in the broader context of church and territorial policy of Andrew II. The present state of research also suggests a missionary intent.
The place for building the monastery was chosen precisely. It met the requirements of the Order: the proximity of the water source, valley, etc. and the monastic complex was built at the busy trade route. The monks changed the face of the country. It should be clarified how they completed the process of colonization of their dominion. Both domestic and foreign examples tell us, that when considering the colonization activities of religious institutions one must be very careful. Central European convents could not often develop their own programme of colonization. We think that the colonization activity of the Cistercians in Spišský Štiavnik fits into the practice of Cistercian abbeys in eastern regions of Central Europe.
Within the monastic dominion there were approximately 20 villages. The question is how many of them had been established by the Abbot of Spišský Štiavnik. Apparently, Štiavnik and Vydrník, and probably Hranovnica too, had existed in Marian Valley before the abbey was founded. The older origin of the latter is suggested by its name: villa Granich – from the Slavic word granica. The name of the village of Striž (defunct) also suggests its ancient origin. Establishment and termination of the villages of Falštín, Hincava and Les Borzov is apparently connected with mining. We know that the Cistercians had had the village of Les Borzov established by locators. In Marian Valley there are also villages of Kravany, Spišské Bystré, Vikartovce and Primovce. Only in the case of the village of Spišské Bystré we know that it was established by a colonist (scultetus) – former Kubachy. The abbey also possessed the villages in the vicinity of Marian Valley: Alcnov (defunct), Teplica, Mengusovce, Rozenau (Kvetnica), Nižná Šuňava, Lučivná and Stojany. There are doubts if all of them belonged to the abbey dominion. We suppose that the Cistercians had established just a small part of their villages.
There are also doubts in the case of the abbey farmyards that usually fulfilled different functions. One of them was probably located in the broader vicinity of the monastery. Another farmyard was in Pusta Ugovske between Kubachy and Hranovnica. In addition, the Cistercians probably possessed other smaller yards, too. They had a house in Hrabušice. Among the financial sources of the monastery was primarily rental management, but also tithe, ponds, mills, inns, mining, etc. In the cadastre of Hranovnica the ore was quarried.
An interesting chapter in the history of the abbey is the possession of the Marcel’s Castle, which was important in military-strategic terms. We suppose that the Cistercians had built a small wooden fortification here. The name of the castle hill: Green Hill [Zelená hura] – Grünberg carries a symbolic meaning, which relates to the frontier area. One can find this toponym – Grünberg in the dominions of some other Cistercian abbeys, e.g. Pomuk and Žďár nad Sázavou in the Czech Republic. We think that it could have been a “sacred hill” for Cistercians.
In the spiritual sphere the Cistercians contributed to the spreading of the cult of the Virgin Mary. This is also reflected in the name of Marian Valley. They also contributed to the building of the parish churches. However, their share in it remains unclear. They probably had not influenced the sacral architecture in Spiš by 1260. Evidently, they long used wood. Only after the fire in 1260 they gradually started to use stone for buildings.
Kultúrne dejiny / Cultural History, Volume 2, Issue 2, © Verbum 2011, pp. 212-232
GABRIEL PETER HUNČAGA: Knihy, knižnice a dominikáni 13. a 14. storočia. / Books, Libraries and the Dominicans in the 13th and 14th Centuries
KEYWORDS: Middle Ages, Book, Libraries, Dominicans
ABSTRACT: The realisation of the basal mission of the Dominicans stipulated by their Constitutions – preaching for the sake of salvation of souls – is necessarily connected to the book culture. For the Order of Preachers the book naturally became an instrument of work, as well as a powerful weapon in spiritual struggle. For this reason, Dominican libraries played a truly important role and co-created the history of this institution.
The author attempts to explore the mechanisms of procuring, using and keeping books in the Order of Preachers in the chosen period. He points out that given its mission – preaching for the sake of salvation of souls (n. 43 and 96) – the Order was essentially connected to the spoken and written word. The fact that books played an important role and enjoyed a prominent status in the Order is confirmed by the contemporary written sources of the Dominican provenance. The author pays special attention to the oldest preserved version of the Constitutions from 1256 (Liber constitutionum et ordinationum), to the Acts of General and Provincial Chapters (of the provinces Romanae and Provence), as well as to Humbert de Romans’ works Expositio Regulae b. Augustini and De officio librari which provide information on the Dominican relationship to the book culture. Invaluable information is contained in the statement issued by the Master of the Order Amerigo di Piacenza in 1308 whose full text has been included both in the Latin original and in Slovak translation. It is obvious from the mentioned sources that there existed in the Dominican Order personal ownership of books for the sake of studies and preaching and that brothers studying or teaching in the framework of peregrinatio academica were equipped with compact libraries that contained Peter Lombard’s Sententiarum libri quattuor and Peter Comestor’s Historia scholastica together with the Bible, decretalia, the Breviary, various decrees, Missals or glossaries. According to the studied sources the care of books was in the priories entrusted to a librarius and the books were kept in the conventual library denoted as bibliotheca, librarium or armarium, whereby the latter was also understood as the actual depository in the form of a wooden case that was supposed to protect the books from excessive humidity and rotting.
The librarian was charged with the general care of books, with keeping an inventory and providing the borrowing of books for the members of the community. According to Humbert de Romans among the obligatory items in each library were the following: Biblia glossata in toto, vel in parte, Biblia sine glossis (the fully and partly commented Bible; the Bible without commentaries), Summae de casibus, [Summa] Gaufredi, De vitiis et virtutibus, De questionibus, Concordantiae, Interpetationes, Decreta, Decretales, Distinctiones morales, Sermones vari ide festis et dominicis per totum annum, Historiae, sententiae, Chronica [Ordinis], Passiones, et Legendae sanctorum, Historia ecclesiastica, et similia multa. Furthermore, it was the duty of the librarius to provide the library with encaustic quills, pumices, chalk, sinkers, rulers, knives for trimming the quills, fat, or candles for night vigils and with everything else needed for writing or studying. Towards the end of his paper the author draws attention to the Dominican library in Wroclaw, whose catalogue was created in the years 1451 – 1476, as well as to the way in which the works of St. Thomas Aquinas became elementary part of Dominican libraries and later of general libraries accros Europe in the Middle Ages.
Kultúrne dejiny / Cultural History, Volume 2, Issue 2, © Verbum 2011, pp. 233-259
ANDREA POKLUDOVÁ: Die Rolle der Erinnerungskultur für das Kollektivgedächtnis der Einwohner aus den multiethnischen / Regionen am Ende des 19. Jahrhunderts (am Beispiel von Hans Kudlichs Denkmälern). / The Role of Memorial Culture in the Collective Memory of the Inhabitants of Multi-ethnic Areas in the Late 19th Century (by Way of Example of Hans Kudlich Monuments)
KEYWORDS: Bohemia and Moravia, 19th and 20th Century, Collective Memory, Memorial Culture, Multi-ethnicity
ABSTRACT: The author of the study deals with the phenomenon of building monuments in multi-ethnic regions in the past. Memorial culture, places of memory, collective memory, they all have belonged to the leading concepts of Western European cultural history for the last twenty years. Setting the monuments of Hans Kudlich in space and time is supposed to broaden our current knowledge of ethno-cultural frontier between the Czech and German population of the Czech lands towards the end of the monarchy. The study is not just a brief chronological list of unveiled Hans Kudlich monuments in 1848 – 1918 in the Czech lands. It does not provide their art description either. It puts the monuments into wider context of the memorial culture.
Memorial culture, places of memory, collective memory, they all have belonged to the leading concepts of Western European cultural history for the last twenty years. However, in Central Europe with its rich multicultural past, Pierre Nora’s conception of the “places of memory” (les lieux de mémoire) faces many difficulties. Comprehensive capturing of cultural memory of multi-ethnic regions is a complex and long-term research plan. It is because the collective memories of social groups, over generations burdened with stereotypical perceptions of “ours” and “that of the others”, did not play the role of cultural bridges in the Central European history of the late 19th and the first half of the 20th century, but in the era of modern nationalism helped to create through nationalist celebrations insurmountable cultural boundaries dividing the public space into “ours” and “that of the others”. In the post-war development not only “the others” disappeared, but also the physical artefacts of “their” memorial culture were removed from public space.
The study deals with, not only in the Czech historiography, new theme of the memorial sites of Hans Kudlich, that were built in the Czech lands in the last third of the 19th and in the early 20th century, i.e. in the period of the Central European boom of memorial culture. Setting the monuments of Hans Kudlich in space and time is supposed to broaden our current knowledge of ethno-cultural frontier between the Czech and German population of the Czech lands towards the end of the monarchy. Hans Kudlich (October 25, 1823 – November 11, 1917) – revolutionist, member of the Austrian Parliament, and “liberator of peasants” in 1848, belongs to the small group of personalities of the second half of the 19th and the early 20th century, to which monuments and plaques were unveiled, and commemorative trees were planted during their lives. From today’s perspective a monument is usually built in order to commemorate a historical event or a historically significant personality. Somewhat different perception of the function of a monument was in the studied period, in which not only a monument itself, but first of all a ceremony of unveiling and following commemoration ceremonies held annually, became, in the conception of Stefan Riesenfellner, a political instrument of the forming civil society. From this perspective we should perceive not only the Hans Kudlich monuments, but also a political myth, which gave a new dimension to the political-historical significance of a personality; the personality himself/herself participated in the creation of the myth during his/her life.
The study is not just a brief chronological list of unveiled Hans Kudlich monuments in 1848 – 1918 in the Czech lands. It does not provide their art description either. It puts the monuments into wider context of the memorial culture. Hans Kudlich memorial sites, both existing and defunct, are rightly in the foreground in the research focused on the memorial culture of German population in the Czech lands at the turn of the 20th century, not only for their symbolic significance, but also for their number. On the territory of the Czech lands we know forty Hans Kudlich memorial sites, of which we know the date of their building. If there is any information in the sources, it tells us about who, when, and why initiated the building of a monument. The leitmotif of the text is making the monument visible by its unveiling and commemoration ceremonies, as in the local scale these were significant national ceremonies, which remained long branded on the memory of participants. It also outlines a reflection of the monuments in the current memorial culture and cultural memory.
Kultúrne dejiny / Cultural History, Volume 2, Issue 2, © Verbum 2011, pp. 260-271
IGOR LISOVÝ: Amicus certus in re incerta cernitur. Vzpomínka na profesora Jana Buriana (1929 – 2011) / Amicus certus in re incerta cernitur. The Memory of Prof. Jan Burian (1929 – 2011)
KEYWORDS: Jan Burian, Biography, Bibliography, Ancient History, Antiquity, Czech Republic
ABSTRACT: In May 2011, to our regret, we lost a significant Czech and Slovak researcher in the history and culture of the ancient world, Prof. Jan Burian (1929 – 2011). His publications made him a name among Czech and Slovak scholars focusing on the history of antiquity. His name is also well known abroad, especially in Germany, Austria and Italy, and even in the countries of the former Soviet Union. A friend of Prof. Burian profiles his life and work in this article.
The article offers a brief overview of life and work of the prematurely deceased, prominent Czech and Slovak researcher in the history and culture of antiquity, pedagogue and translator, University Professor PhDr. Jan Burian, CSc. (March 19, 1929 – May 6, 2011).
Jan Burian was born in the Slovak town of Hlohovec to a Czech clerical family. Upon his return to Bohemia, he attended a grammar school in Písek (1940 – 1948). In 1948 – 1952, he studied Latin and French at the Charles University in Prague. After a short time of teaching at a secondary school, he became an assistant at the Department of Antiquity at the Faculty of Arts, Charles University (March 1953). Three years later, he became a lecturer and in 1960, received the scientific degree of Candidate of Historical Sciences (CSc.). In 1967, he became a senior lecturer and in 1969, was appointed a senior lecturer of ancient history. In 1964 – 1970, he worked as a researcher at the Institute of History of the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences (CSAS) in Prague. Then he moved to the Cabinet for the Greek, Roman and Latin Studies CSAS (1970 – 1991), where, as head of the section of antiquity, and for several years also as a deputy director, he dealt with various research and organizational activities. He mainly focused on the development of relationships with foreign institutions, e.g. German Academy of Sciences in Berlin and German Archaeological Institute, especially with its expert commissions in Munich and Frankfurt. In 1983 – 1996, Prof. J. Burian was an editor in chief of Zprávy Jednoty klasických filologů and for a few years he became a member of the executive editorial board of the almanac Eirene. He participated in the preparation of two major international projects: Tabula Imperii Romani (M 33 Prague) and Prosopographia Imperii Romani.
As early as in his first monograph Evropské rudné doly za římského císařství, jejich správa a pracovníci v nich (Prague 1954) he showed his universal knowledge of ancient sources as well as his interest in the results of previous research in the field he was focusing on. Similarly, he proved to be a researcher of European calibre in his following works, e.g. in his publications on the Roman politician and dictator Julius Caesar (G. J. Caesar, Prague 1963) and on the Carthaginian commander Hannibal (Hannibal, Prague 1967). Both books are still of professional importance. Of the same importance is also a book on Etruscans, written with a co-author B. Mouchová (Záhadní Etruskové, Prague 1966, 1974). Not surprisingly, it was translated into Russian, Estonian and Romanian.
The book, which brought J. Burian well-deserved recognition both among his colleagues and the wide circle of lovers of antiquity, was Řím. Světla a stíny antického velkoměsta (Prague 1970). In this book the author focuses on the questions of social, political, economic and cultural development of Rome. Burian’s vade-mecum Cesty starověkých civilizací (Prague 1973) attracted readers by its content, the way of interpretation of material as well as freshness of selected and solved problems. J. Burian also developed and applied his perspective of the history of ancient Rome in the book written together with P. Oliva Civilizace starověkého Středomoří (Prague 1984).
One of the last major publications of J. Burian is the monograph Římské impérium. Vrchol a proměny antické civilizace (Prague 1994; 2nd supplemented edition 1997). The work is based on the concept that the history of the Roman Empire is one of the epochs of antiquity, by which the Roman civilization grew into the history of the whole then world; that the emergence and expansion of the Roman world empire is a culmination of ancient history and also the sum of the effect of all major political, cultural, historical and economic factors that ancient Rome could pass to the states, forming on European soil in the late classical era and early Middle Ages.).
Prof. J. Burian was a distinguished promoter of ancient literature. Thanks to his translations, readers may get familiar with the works of Herodian (Řím po Marku Aureliovi. Sextus Aurelius Viktor, Kniha o císařích, Prague 1975. Together with B. Mouchová), with late Roman orators (Synové slávy – oběti iluzí. Z pozdních římských panegyriků, Prague 1977. Together with B. Mouchová), with inscriptions from Pompeii (Pompejané o sobě současníkům i dnešku. Výbor z pompejských nápisů, ČA 1980/1981), with the authors of the book Scriptores historiae Augustae (Portréty světovládců. Vol. 1-2. Od Hadriana po Alexandra Severa. Od Maximinů po Carina. Prague 1982. Together with B. Mouchová), and with the works of Appian (Zrod římského impéria – Římské dějiny I, Krize římské republiky – Římské dějiny II. Prague 1986, 1989. Together with B. Mouchová). J. Burian is also an author of an original publication of translations of ancient sources on the late Roman Empire and its downfall (Zánik antiky. Prague 1972), as well as an interesting book on Ovidius (Publius Ovidius Naso. Prague 1975).
For some time J. Burian worked at the Faculty of Arts, Comenius University in Bratislava (1991 – 1995). Here he was appointed Professor of general history in September 1994. Then he worked at the Faculty of Humanities, Trnava University in Trnava (Department of Classical Languages, 1995 – 2006). Parallelly, he cooperated with the Faculty of Education, University of South Bohemia in České Budějovice for a number of years. He participated in the preparation of the publication Relationes Budvicenses (1-3, 2001-2002) as a reviewer and co-editor. Thanks to his expert support following books were published: the translation of the O. Veh’s book Lexikon římských císařů (USB in České Budějovice 2002) and the monograph by G. Dobesch Evropské „barbaricum“ a zóna středomořské kultury. Jejich vzájemné historické působení a Poseidóniův obraz dějin (USB in České Budějovice 2004). Very significant was J. Burian’s participation in the preparation of the book Dějiny pravěku a starověku (Ed. J. Pečírka, Vol. 1-2. Prague 1989), as well as the publication Dejiny a kultúra antického Grécka a Ríma (Ed. M. Novotná, Bratislava 2006).
Prof. J. Burian professionally dealt with the issue of late Roman historiography, focusing on the emergence and development of Christian historiography and on the forming of Christian philosophy of history in the thought confrontation with the pagan world. In 2010 he finished a monograph Pozdně římská biografie. Literární a politická reflexe rozpadu římského impéria. He actively worked as a professor-consultant at the Department of History, Faculty of Arts, University of Ostrava (Seminar on Latin language and culture). He co-authored the textbooks Úvod do dějepisectví antického starověku (Ostrava 2007) and Přehled dějin starověku a každodenní kultury antického Řecka a Říma (Ostrava 2010). The Faculty of Arts, University of Ostrava, published a publication Z dějin vědy o antickém starověku (Spisy FF OU 175/2008) on the occasion of the significant Prof. J. Burian’s jubilee.
Kultúrne dejiny / Cultural History, Volume 2, Issue 2, © Verbum 2011, pp. 272-278
PAVOL MALINIAK: Svedectvo hájnického farára Mateja ako prameň k cirkevným dejinám Zvolena / Testimony of Priest Matthias from Hájniky as a Source of Church History of Zvolen
KEYWORDS: Slovakia, Zvolen, Parochial Property, Office of Archdeacon, Patron St. Nicholas, Memory
ABSTRACT: In 1552, during argues for land’s frontiers between town Zvolen and parsonage in village Hájniky, a town notary made out a memorable letter. According to this document priest Matthias from village Hájniky declared at the court that townsmen in Zvolen gifted the disputed pieces of land to parsonage of St. Nicholas and this parsonage was moved from Zvolen to Hájniky. In the Middle Ages there were parsonages sacrificed to St. Nicholas at both places, but the parsonage in Zvolen probably at the beginning of the Modern Times perished. Based on the published source we cannot exclude that in 1520’s or 1530’s some competences of the parsonage were formally really moved from Zvolen to Hájniky. The local priest had a function of vice-archdeacon and he stood in for archdeacon in the region of the Zvolen County.
Kultúrne dejiny / Cultural History, Volume 2, Issue 2, © Verbum 2011, pp. 279-285
RASTISLAV MOLDA: „Národní povaha Slováků“ od Mikuláša Dohnányho / “The National Character of Slovaks” from Nicholas Dohnány
KEYWORDS: National Character, Stereotypes, Mikuláš Dohnány, Štúr’s Generation
ABSTRACT: The manuscript The National Character of Slovaks written by Nicholas Dohnány (1824 – 1851) described the opinion of many members of the Štúr‘ s generation on the slovak national character. Dohnány accepted the traditional stereotypes about Slovaks (e.g. kind-hearted, hardworking, religious nation...) and also about Hungarians and Germans in the manuscript. The characteristics which he attributed to this nations were ambivalent to those of Slovak people. Dohnány described the picture which Slovaks had created about other nations, which they lived with in the common monarchy.
Kultúrne dejiny / Cultural History, Volume 2, Issue 2, © Verbum 2011, pp. 286-291
Kultúrne dejiny boli do Rakúska dovezené zvonku. Rozhovor s profesorom Albertom Lichtblauom. (Paris-Lodron-Universität, Salzburg) / Cultural History has been Imported to Austria from Abroad. Interview with Professor Albert Lichtblau
ABSTRACT: Prof. Dr. Albert Lichtblau is habilitated professor at the Department of History and head of the Centre for Jewish Cultural History, Paris Lodron University of Salzburg. He is a member of the editorial board of the journal Chilufim. Zeitschrift für jüdische Kulturgeschichte. He has published and participated in many projects on housing policy, protests of tenants, history of minorities and migration, Jewish history and history of antisemitism. From 1987 to 1989, he worked as a research associate at the Centre for Research on Antisemitism at the Technical University of Berlin and later as a research associate at the Institute of Jewish History in Austria. He is an author of publications: Wiener Wohnungspolitik, 1892 – 1919, Antisemitismus und soziale Spannung in Berlin und Wien, 1867 – 1914, etc.
Kultúrne dejiny / Cultural History, Volume 2, Issue 2, © Verbum 2011, pp. 292-317
Recenzie / Reviews
HORSKÝ, Jan. Dějepisectví mezi vědou a vyprávením : Úvahy o povaze, postupech a mezích historické vědy. Praha : Argo, 2009, 339 s. ISBN 978-80-257-0124-9. (Juraj Šuch)
LISOVÝ, Igor. Posvátné ticho athénské agory. 50 poněkud netradičních otázek a odpovědí o starořecké civilizaci. Ostrava : vlastním nákladem, 2011, 154 s. ISBN 978-80-252-8776-1. (Tomáš Klokner)
LISOVÝ, Igor. Neklidné sny řeky Tiberu. 50 poněkud netradičních otázek a odpovědí o starořímské civilizaci. Ostrava : vlastním nákladem, 2011, 163 s. ISBN 978-80-254-9228-4. (Tomáš Klokner)
MATYSZAK, Philip - BERYOVÁ, Joanne. Životy Římanů. Z angl. original přel. Ľubica Obuchová. Praha : Mladá fronta, 2009, 304 s. ISBN 978-80-204-1958-3. (Igor Lisový)
STEINHÜBEL, Ján. Kapitoly z najstarších českých dejín 531 – 1004. Kraków : Spolok Slovákov v Poľsku – Towarzystwo Słowaków w Polsce, 2011, 192 s. ISBN 978-83-7490-370-7. (David Papajík)
HUDEC, Rudolf. Františkáni v Bratislave v rokoch 1238 – 1950. Bratislava : Vydavateľstvo Serafín, 2009, 156 s. ISBN 978-80-8081-084-0. (Marek Ďurčo)
LUKAČKA, Ján - ŠTEFÁNIK, Martin et al. Stredoveké mesto ako miesto stretnutí a komunikácie. Bratislava : Typoset print, 2010, 300 s. ISBN 978-80- 970302-1-6. (Miroslav Huťka)
Akty a závery – Zákony a ustanovenia Žilinskej synody. Martin : Slovenská národná knižnica, 2010, 111 s. ISBN 978-80-89301-63-8. (Pavol Miklovič)
KÓNYA, Peter et al. Konfesionalizácia na Slovensku v 16.-18. storočí. Prešov : Vydavateľstvo Prešovskej univerzity v Prešove, 2010, 232 s. ISBN 978-80-555-0288-5. (Peter Šoltés)
BLÜMLOVÁ, Dagmar et al. Čas optimismu a ctižádostivých nadějí. Prezentace a reprezentace české vědy a kultury v prvním desetiletí samostatného státu (1918 – 1929). České Budějovice : Jihočeské muzeum a Společnost pro kulturní dějiny, 2009, 419 s. Jihočeský sborník historický – Supplementum, sv. 1. ISBN 978-80-904446-0-7. ISSN 0323-004X. (Pavel Marek)
CORANIČ, Jaroslav - ŠTURÁK, Peter - KOPRIVŇÁKOVÁ, Jana (eds.). Cirkev v okovách totalitného režimu. Likvidácia Gréckokatolíckej cirkvi v Československu v roku 1950. Prešov : Gréckokatolícka teologická fakulta Prešovskej university v Prešove, 2010, 476 s. ISBN 978-80-555-0215-1. (Martin Lupčo)
Kultúrne dejiny / Cultural History, Volume 2, Issue 2, © Verbum 2011, pp. 318-336
Anotácie, nové knihy / Annotations, New books
Kultúrne dejiny / Cultural History, Volume 2, Issue 2, © Verbum 2011, pp. 337-343
Správy, referáty / Brief notices
Kultúrne dejiny / Cultural History, Volume 2, Issue 2, © Verbum 2011, pp. 344-350
Internetové odkazy / Web links